The fall in global oil prices has been a boon in numerous ways to those emerging market countries that import energy and the re-pricing, should it continue into 2015, will provide an added boost to infrastructure development in these economies, thereby making for attractive investment opportunities in the new year.
“More affordable oil and liquified natural gas (LNG) bodes well for airport and toll road operators, among others, and transportation infrastructure in general,” said Aaron Visse, portfolio manager of the Forward Global Infrastructure Fund.
“We don’t know, of course, how long oil prices are going to remain low but in the meantime, with energy import costs so low, the ability for countries to fund present and future infrastructure projects looks good, so definitely, emerging market infrastructure is a good place to be going into 2015.”The Philippines, for example, is a country for which energy has always been a huge expense, and it’s also a nation with ambitious infrastructure plans, particularly in t he power sector, Visse said.
“They have a good chance now of being able to go ahead with many projects and it’s the same for other countries like China, Indonesia and India, all of which also have huge infrastructure needs that can benefit from the oil price decline.”For energy exporters such as Brazil, a country that also has huge infrastructure needs, the fall in oil prices has been bad news (Brazil spends far less on i nfrastructure than many other emerging market countries), and makes i nvesting in i nfrastructure t here even less attractive.
However, infrastructure development is a long-term investment proposition, said Daniel Broby, founder and CEO of emerging markets hedge funds Gemfonds, and the ebbs and flows of capital into emerging markets notwithstanding, it is an important facet of the economic growth of these countries and one that can offer the careful investor ample opportunities.
To that end, Gemfonds recently partnered with Nigeria’s Infrastructure Bank and Spanish firm Sigrun Partners to bring forth a US $ 500 million, Nigeria-focused infrastructure fund.Oil rich Nigeria and its currency, the naira, have been among t he hardest hit by the downturn in the energy prices, and t he t hreat of political instability, in particular the activities of radical Islamist group Boko Haram, increased dramatically in 2014.
However, “as Africa’s most populous country, half of the population under t he age of 25, Nigeria has a huge appetite to build infrastructure,” Broby said, “and if you are going to get involved in infrastructure in emerging markets, it’s best to partner with the government. The fund will bring much-needed private capital to Nigeria, as well as best practice and governance to local investors.”
And while an unexpected occurrence like an oil price correction can certainly provide a short-term window of opportunity, what’s going to matter the most in the end for sustained infrastructure development is proper policy, something that quite a number of emerging market nations are now on top of.
“A huge number of emerging market countries are under new management and that is good from stability standpoint,” Visse said.
“India, for instance, has a very pro-infrastructure leadership, as do Indonesia and the Philippines. All those places are very keen on understanding the need for longterm infrastructure investment and they are setting up favourable groundwork for meaningful public/ private partnerships.”
Of course, India still has a huge bureaucracy and is synonymous with massive amounts of red tape. But the government of Narendra Modi appears to want to change that reputation, Visse said, and to facilitate the launch and completion of infrastructure projects.In Indonesia, the government is also on an anti-corruption drive, and the same goes for China, “so the more that can be done to make investing more amenable and to increase transparency, the more meaningful participation there can be in infrastructure financing,” Visse said.