It is becoming increasingly evident that the President had acted shamefully
Rishad’s rapid rise in politics and his growing political clout was not to the liking of many in the government
Rishad seems to have come out of the ordeal with flying colours
The orchestrated political campaign by the Mahinda Rajapaksa-led opposition in association with sections of the Buddhist clergy and mainstream media against three prominent Muslim politicians has ostensibly succeeded. The said aim of the campaign was to secure the dismissal, resignation and/or arrest of two Provincial Governors and a Cabinet Minister. Eastern Province Governor M.L.A.M. Hizbullah and Western Province Governor Azath Salley have both resigned from their posts. Industries and Commerce Minister Rishad Bathiudeen has also relinquished his post and made his exit in spectacular mode. All his Muslim colleagues in the government joined Rishad in tendering their joint resignations voluntarily. In an unprecedented mass resignation, nine Muslims from three political parties comprising four Cabinet Ministers, four State Ministers and a Deputy Minister resigned from their portfolios together.
If the intention of those who campaigned against Bathiudeen, Hizbullah and Salley was to get the trio dismissed from office or to resign voluntarily, then their objective seems to have succeeded three folds and more. Not only the two governors and the Cabinet Minister, but eight more in the form of Cabinet, State and Deputy Ministers have stepped down. In one clean sweep, the ultra-nationalist lobby appears to have “ethnically cleansed” the government of its Muslim ministers and deputy minister. This however is not to the satisfaction of the campaigners as their primary target, Rishad Bathiudeen, seems to have come out of the ordeal with flying colours. Furthermore, the besieged Muslim community has gained much solace and a sense of pride by the mass resignation of Muslim ministers. It is a defiant act of unity and solidarity in the face of unjust intimidation.
An immediate consequence of the mass resignation of Muslim ministers inclusive of Rishad Bathiudeen is the fate of the no-confidence motion against the minister. With Bathiudeen resigning, the no-confidence motion with 64 signatures has become unnecessary and meaningless. It has therefore been removed from the order book.
The Easter Sunday attacks by suicide bombers and the carnage it caused have brought in its wake multiple political repercussions. Since the perpetrators of the violence were all young Islamic Jihadists, it was inevitable – though extremely unfair – that the Muslim community in Sri Lanka would be treated with suspicion. Given the acrimonious nature of politics in Sri Lanka, it was easily predictable that a political twist or twists would be given by interested parties to exploit this situation and undermine their political adversaries. This is what happened and soon some Muslim politicians were singled out and attacked. There were calls for their ouster from office and demands for their arrest.
It was alleged without any tangible evidence that the three were linked to the terrorists responsible for the Easter Sunday carnage and that they should quit their positions or be removed from their posts
Bathiudeen, Hizbullah and Azath Salley
Initially, there were five Muslim politicians who were targeted. They were Muslim Congress leader and Cabinet Minister Rauff Hakeem, Makkal Congress leader and Cabinet Minister Rishad Bathiudeen, Western Province Governor Azath Salley, Eastern Province Governor M.L.A.M. Hizbullah and UNP Colombo District MP Mujibur Rahuman. Gradually, the campaign against Hakeem and Rahuman ceased but a vicious campaign against Bathiudeen, Hizbullah and Azath Salley was pursued with vigour on a widespread scale. It was alleged without any tangible evidence that the three were linked to the terrorists responsible for the Easter Sunday carnage and that they should quit their positions or be removed from their posts. This campaign was promoted by opposition party elements in association with some Buddhist organisations and sections of the media. A no-confidence motion against Bathiudeen was submitted to the Speaker.
As stated in these columns last week, there is little in common among Bathiudeen, Hizbullah and Azath Salley apart from the fact that they are Muslim politicians who were being listed together by their detractors as having links to the National Tawheed Jamaat (NTJ) and Islamic State (IS) organisations. Although all three have been bundled by those demanding action against them, the circumstances relating to ex-Cabinet Minister Bathiudeen and the two former governors are vastly different. Besides, the key figure involved in the mass resignation exercise is Bathiudeen and not the two governors. Although all three quit their posts on the same day at different times, the reasons for the resignations were different.
Since this article primarily relates to the mass resignation of Muslim ministers, the focus would be more on Bathiudeen and less on Hizbullah and Salley at this juncture. Also, it has been Rishad Bathiudeen who has been at the receiving end of sustained vitriolic attacks in recent times. More importantly, it is against Rishad Bathiudeen that a no-confidence motion was mooted with 64 MPs as signatories. It is this singular offensive against Bathiudeen that greatly influenced the mass resignation response adopted by Muslim ministers in the government. The mass resignation was more due to the Bathiudeen factor and not the other two. In order to understand the Rishad Bathiudeen phenomenon in current politics, it is necessary to delve briefly into the past.
Anti-Constitutional Power Grab
October 26, 2018 was the day on which President Maithripala Sirisena and his predecessor Mahinda Rajapaksa engaged in an anti-constitutional power grab. Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe commanding the confidence of the House was removed from office by President Sirisena who appointed Mahinda as premier in his place. Since Rajapaksa did not have a majority at that time, Parliament was prorogued by the President. This provided the Sirisena-Rajapaksa duo some time to cobble together a majority in Parliament. Hectic ‘horse trading’ for the support of honourable Members of Parliament was underway. Government MPs were ardently enticed through various incentives to cross over.
One of the names bandied about then as a potential side-switcher was All Ceylon Makkal Congress (ACMC) leader and Wanni District MP Rishad Bathiudeen. He was a Cabinet Minister at that time. Bathiudeen had been first appointed as Cabinet Minister in 2007 by the then President Mahinda Rajapaksa. Thereafter, Bathiudeen had cultivated cordial relations with all prominent members of the Ruhunu Rajapaksa clan. It was opined then that Rishad enjoyed a special relationship with Basil Rajapaksa. There were allegations that Rishad was involved in much questionable activity by utilising the ‘Uthuru Wasanthaya’ (Northern Spring) project implemented by Basil.
When Mahinda announced an early presidential election in November 2014, his hitherto trusted deputy Maithripala Sirisena devoured an egg hopper dinner with Rajapaksa and defected to the opposition the next day. Sirisena became the common opposition candidate at the presidential election. Although a handful of ministers and MPs crossed over with Sirisena, Bathiudeen was not one of those. There were three ACMC Parliamentarians then namely – Rishad Bathiudeen, M.L.A.M. Hizbullah and Hunais Farook.
If anyone had voiced criticism of Bathiudeen for alleged links or connections to the Easter bombing terrorists as it is being done today, Mahinda Rajapaksa may have stoutly defended Rishad. Wimal Weerawansa may have embarked on a death fast reiterating Rishad’s innocence
It was Hunais Farook who jumped ship first by joining the UNP on November 26, 2014. Rishad however stayed put. He even got his confidante Sihabdeen Ameer Ali appointed as a National List MP replacing Mahinda loyalist A.H.M. Azwer. This was on December 12, 2014and it was presumed by many that Bathiudeen had steadfastly hitched his wagon to the Rajapaksa star. Ten days later on December 22, 2014, Rishad Bathiudeen announced at a media briefing that he was quitting the Rajapaksa Government. This in turn split the ACMC with Hizbullah and some Provincial Councillors remaining loyal to Mahinda.
Rishad Bathiudeen got the same portfolio he held under Rajapaksa in the new Sirisena–Wickremesinghe Government. The ACMC contested the 2015 Parliamentary poll as part of the UNP-led UNF and got five seats – four elected MPs and one National List MP. Although Rishad was a minister in the “Yahapalana” (Good Governance) Cabinet, there was much speculation that the enterprising politician hailing from Dharapuram in Mannar was maintaining a line of communication with Basil Rajapaksa.
Competitive Intra-Muslim Politics
So when Maithripala and Mahinda tried to emulate Machiavelli and enacted the October 26 anti-Ranil coup, there were great expectations on the part of the illegitimate power grabbers that Rishad Bathiudeen and his party would switch sides. It was hoped that the ACMC cross over would help encourage more “gembas” (frogs) to jump to this side and help tilt the balance. Some even expected the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress led by Rauff Hakeem to follow suit. Given the competitive intensity of intra-Muslim politics, it was thought that pressure within Muslim Congress ranks would compel Hakeem to throw in his lot with Maithripala–Mahinda if and when the ‘Makkal Congress’ crossed over.
This however did not happen. For reasons best known to them neither Rishad nor his party MPs deserted the Wickremesinghe-led government last year. Unable to form a majority in the House, Sirisena violated the Constitution by dissolving Parliament and scheduling fresh elections.
This was challenged in court by Parliamentarians. The Supreme Court ruled conclusively and that was the end of the 52-day Maithripala-Mahinda illegitimate regime. Ranil was restored to his rightful position. While the legal drama was going on, MPs in Parliament demonstrated clearly through several votes that the ‘illegitimate’ premier Mahinda Rajapaksa did not have a majority in the House.
When Maithripala and Mahinda tried to emulate Machiavelli and enacted the October 26 anti-Ranil coup, there were great expectations on the part of the illegitimate power grabbers that Rishad Bathiudeen and his party would switch sides. It was hoped that the ACMC cross over would help encourage more “gembas” (frogs) to jump to this side and help tilt the balance
Rishad Bathiudeen and the ACMC continued to remain in the ranks of Ranil Wickremesinghe. Subsequently, Rishad’s ministerial responsibilities increased and he became Minister of Industry and Commerce, Resettlement of Protracted Displaced Persons, Co-operative Development and Vocational Training and Skills Development. Two other ACMC Parliamentarians – Sihabdeen Ameer Ali and Abdullah Maharoof – were State Minister of Agriculture, Irrigation and Rural Economic Affairs and Deputy Minister of Ports and Shipping respectively.
Therefore, it could be seen from a Medamulana perspective that Rishad Bathiudeen had let down the Rajapaksas twice in the recent past. The first was in 2014 when Rishad crossed over to support Maithripala Sirisena at the 2015 presidential elections after having enjoyed the powers, perks and privileges of Cabinet Minister office for seven years. The second was in 2018 when Bathiudeen refused to cross over from Ranil’s side to Mahinda’s during the October 26 power grab attempt. We have, in the past, seen what befell those who defied the Rajapaksas when they were at the pinnacle of power. Nowadays, there has been a fall from positions of power but the Ruhunu Rajapaksas continue to retain a certain degree of political clout. There is also every chance that the Rajapaksas could ride back to power at a relevant election in the future. However, the political targeting of Rishad Bathiudeen at this point of time seems to indicate that the “Kurakkan Sataka” is tightening noose-like around his neck.
If Rishad Had Backed The Rajapaksas
Let us look at a hypothetical situation where Rishad Bathiudeen may have thrown in his lot with the Rajapaksas last year during the illegitimate power grab. Had the power grab succeeded, Bathiudeen and his party would have been amply rewarded with powerful portfolios. Even if the power grab failed and Bathiudeen opted to remain with the Rajapaksas in the opposition, the treatment being meted out to him now would have been different. Obviously there would have been no motion of no-confidence against him. If anyone had voiced criticism of Bathiudeen for alleged links or connections to the Easter bombing terrorists as it is being done today, Mahinda Rajapaksa may have stoutly defended Rishad. Wimal Weerawansa may have embarked on a death fast reiterating Rishad’s innocence. Ven. Athureliya Rathana Thera may have fasted demanding the exit of the two governors only and not Rishad. Ven. Galagodaaththe Gnanasara Thera may have trained his guns on Azath Salley and Hizbullah alone. Prof. G.L. Peiris may have engaged in legal sounding sophistry in support of Rishad’s innocence. Udaya Gammanpila may have presented a motion in Parliament emphasising Bathiudeen’s innocence and denouncing the ACMC leader’s detractors. Alas! None of these happened because such a hypothetical situation never unfolded. Had this happened, things would have been vastly different.
The current political targeting of Rishad Bathiudeen by the Rajapaksa acolytes and fellow travellers is not due to the reasons mentioned above alone. It is very much due to the longstanding political project of the opposition to bring down Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe through a parliamentary vote. If the opposition had genuinely felt the government was responsible through its acts of omission and commission for the Easter Sunday explosions, the first person to fault should have been President Maithripala Sirisena. It is becoming increasingly evident that the President had acted shamefully in this regard. Since the President though nominally the head of government is in actuality behaving like a joint leader of the opposition and undermining the Prime Minister in whichever way possible, Sirisena would not be confronted by the opposition in any way.
This leaves Prime Minister Wickremesinghe and the government of which he is the de facto head. If the opposition wants to censure the government for its poor performance, then the proper thing to do would be to bring a no-confidence motion against the government or the Prime Minister or both. But the opposition has not done so. Instead, it chose to present a no-confidence motion against Rishad Bathiudeen, accusing him of having links to the Jihadist National Tawheed Jamaat/Islamic State. The move was overtly against Bathiudeen but the covert target was Ranil Wickremesinghe and the government.
The opposition had, on earlier occasions, tried to bring about the downfall of Ranil Wickremesinghe through votes in Parliament, but was unsuccessful. This was mainly because despite differences all members of the UNF Government as well as the Tamil National Alliance rallied around to defeat the Rajapaksa-led opposition. At times, even the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna voted with the government. Thus, it became clear to Mahinda Rajapaksa that defeating the Prime Minister or the UNF Government through a direct vote of no-confidence was virtually impossible. It seemed highly unlikely that even a vote of no-confidence over the issue of Easter Sunday attacks would meet with success.
Divide and Destroy Principle
The Easter Sunday attacks by Islamist Jihadists provided the Rajapaksa camp with another and somewhat different opportunity. Instead of taking on the premier or the government frontally, the Mahinda-led opposition decided to single out and target a solitary minister. The optics of the exercise would be as if it were an admonition of an individual minister for his conduct and not against the government on the whole. In reality, it was a subtle form of the ‘divide and destroy’ principle.
This was how Rishad Bathiudeen became the chosen guinea pig for this political experiment. He was to be accused of having links with the Jihadist terrorists and targeted by a no-confidence motion on that count. Although no tangible evidence had been provided or furnished by anyone of Bathiudeen’s complicity with terrorism, there were some instances of his interacting in the past with a few of the terrorist suspects. Thus, it was easier to brand Bathiudeen as having terrorist links by utilising the guilt by association fallacy.
What the opposition hoped for was a split or splits in government and pro-government ranks at the time of voting when the no-confidence motion was taken up. Rishad Bathiudeen was seen as an ideal target in this regard. Rishad’s rapid rise in politics and his growing political clout was not to the liking of many in the government. He had also incurred the political enmity of many others in his quest for power. Moreover, the Easter Sunday attacks had an emotional impact on Sri Lanka. A regrettable negative result of that impact was the increasing animosity towards Muslim people in general and Muslim politicians in particular.
The Rajapaksa camp wanted to exploit this climate to the maximum by singling out Rishad Bathiudeen as the political target. The assessment was that several of those within the UNF and outside who voted for Ranil and the government in earlier votes would not do so in the vote against Bathiudeen. It was expected that some may abstain from voting and that a few would even vote in support of the no-confidence motion.
Plan Went Awry and Plot Failed
It was on this surmise that the Mahinda-led opposition set in motion the anti-Rishad project. But the plan went awry and the plot failed. How and why this happened would be discussed in a forthcoming article.
<span style="color: rgb(33, 37, 41); font-family: -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, " segoe="" ui",="" roboto,="" "helvetica="" neue",="" arial,="" "noto="" sans",="" sans-serif,="" "apple="" color="" emoji",="" "segoe="" ui="" symbol",="" emoji";="" font-size:="" 16px;"="">D.B.S. Jeyaraj can be reached at email@example.com