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Construction shrinks twice as much as economy in 2Q

20 September 2022 06:17 am - 2     - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}}


  • Construction activities decline by 16.2% in April-June quarter
  • Sheds 8.9% of value with its share in GDP coming down to 8.7%
  • Contributes 31.5% to GDP in 1H, which is a 7.1% decline YoY 
  • Pain could prolong for industry as restrictive policies, Fx shortage keep a lid on sector revival 

While the broader economy contracted by 8.4 percent in the second quarter ended in June, the construction activities, which contributed an outsize 9.5 percent to the overall economic output, shrank by nearly twice as much as in the same period, indicating its importance to the Sri Lankan economy, specially in the post-war era. 

According to the data released by the Census and Statistics Department, construction activities declined by a significant 16.2 percent in the April-June quarter, as the economic crisis sent ripple effects across multiple sectors. 

The sputtering economy came to a near standstill in the second quarter, after the foreign exchange crisis unravelled in proportions and magnitudes, which nobody had anticipated, forcing the government to suspend almost all its big infrastructure projects. 

Meanwhile, private developers scrambled to source materials such as cement and others amid their inability to find dollars to import them and soaring prices, which sent the cost of construction through the roof. 

The cement imports plummeted 84 percent to 35,000 metric tonnes in June, bringing the first six-month slump to 26.2 percent to just over a million metric tonnes over the same period last year. 

In the first half, the broader construction sector shed 8.9 percent of its value with its share in the total gross domestic product (GDP) coming down to 8.7 percent.  

In the first half, the industry sector, with construction being part of, contributed 31.5 percent to the GDP, recording a decline of 7.1 percent over the same period, last year, compared to the 7.6 percent and 0.6 percent contractions recorded by the agriculture and services sectors, respectively.  As the government has suspended its major infrastructure projects, private developers have either followed suit or scaled down their projects and home building has significantly slowed down, due to the soaring construction cost. 

It is unlikely that the industry could see any revival any time soon, given the acute shortage of foreign currency and the tight fiscal and monetary policies, which could stay for some time. 

The depth of the construction sector’s decline and how long it continues will determine the fate of hundreds of thousands of people, who made a living out of the industry, which accounted for nearly one-tenth of the total economy.

  Comments - 2

  • Randula Jayamaha Tuesday, 20 September 2022 07:50 PM

    There was already too much of construction boom, and this is bust that is beginning is a result of the Central Bank crazily increasing interest rates. Fundamental economics - higher the interest rates the more the business activity reverses. Damned Central Bank say they put rates up because IMF wanted that. But they neglected to mention about the awful consequences of the IMF expectations. Makes me wonder if the 3 or 4 billion loan from the IMF is worth the suffering our people will have to undergo. The many thousands of people out of work must be provided for until the credit negotiations are happening. Those creditors will be rubbing their hands together if they see construction steady up even. Sadly, unless construction continues to fall it gives India, China and Japan less reason to take cut on what's owed to them.

    Percy Wijenayake Friday, 14 October 2022 10:26 AM

    Private Developers are being subsidized by the government to upgrade the associated infrastructure of the project. Whereas they must meet the cost and pass it on to the buyer. Then the user pays.

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