AFP - Wielding an “inspector” badge, volunteer Liu Li follows his nose as he sniffs out violators of China’s toughest-ever tobacco control law, enacted a year ago yesterday, as Beijing fights to keep its air smoke free.
China has more smokers than any other country, but Liu’s efforts partly explain the relative success of the capital’s ban on smoking in public spaces. “We’re very sensitive. We can tell from a single whiff if someone’s been smoking,” said the bearded art professor, patrolling a downtown office building. Liu, 33, moonlights as a leader of blue-vested volunteers who pursue violators and even extract letters of confession from smokers to be passed on to authorities. “Keep your footsteps quiet,” he whispered to his squad of two, pausing cautiously outside a stairwell. “Sometimes when people hear us coming, they try to run”. China has the world’s largest smoking population, with 28 percent of adults and half of its adult men estimated to regularly use cigarettes. The World Health Organization (WHO) says a million people in the country die of tobacco-related illnesses annually, with second-hand smoke contributing to some 100,000 deaths each year. Beijing’s law enacted last June makes smoking in public locations such as offices, restaurants, hotels and hospitals punishable by fines. Businesses that fail to snuff out smoking can be forced to pay up to 10,000 yuan ($1,600), while smokers themselves can be penalised 200 yuan. Tobacco advertisements are not allowed to appear outdoors.
China’s law enforcement is often weak and at the time many were sceptical, but experts say that despite imperfect enforcement, the law has been largely effective.
WHO China representative Bernhard Schwartlander told AFP he was “very happy” with the law, adding implementation had “in many ways exceeded our expectations”.
According to official figures, Beijing raised more than 1 million yuan ($171,000) in smoking fines since last year. The Beijing Health and Family Planning Commission says just four percent of public places see regular smoking, down from more than 12 percent a year earlier.
The success is partly due to 12,000 “anti-smoking campaign volunteers” -- from primary school students to pensioners -- registered in Beijing. They appear in parks, restaurants and workplaces, ask people to stub out at bus stops, and inspect office buildings in top-to-bottom sweeps. Nearly 70,000 facilities were inspected last year, officials said. Though volunteers have no power to issue fines, Liu said most people “are willing to listen to us if we take the right tone, when they see us wearing our uniforms and certificates”.
The aim is to “patiently dissuade people,” he explained, admitting: “A few can’t really change their thinking and might get a bit violent in their language”. Enforcement can be shaky in a municipality with more than 20 million residents, with smoking in numerous establishments still tolerated.