- Affordable smartphones cited as main reason
- Wide disparities in computer literacy among urban, rural and estate sectors
Households owning a desktop computer or a laptop have continued to decline in Sri Lanka during the three years from 2017 to 2019, but the shifting to home working in the aftermath of the coronavirus pandemic may have reversed the trend with people setting up home offices.
According to a survey by the Department of Census and Statistics (DCS), Sri Lankan households owning a desktop computer or a laptop slipped to 22 percent in 2019 from 22.3 percent in 2018 and 22.8 percent in 2017.
Sri Lanka’s desktop or laptop computer ownership among households stagnated between 22-23 percent during 2016 to 2019.
Their take off was mainly dampened by the advances made by the smartphone technology and the affordability of such devices.
People took to smartphones, which made multitasking possible in a fast paced working world, as they had limited time and patience to sit and work in front of a bigger screen unless your daytime job requires you to do so.
Meanwhile, the regional and provincial disparities of computer ownership were conspicuous in Sri Lanka, the survey showed. Although the national average of households owning a desktop or laptop was 22 percent, “this percentage is 38 in urban sector and rural and estate sector show 19.7 percent and 4.6 percent respectively. When provinces are considered, the highest availability is in the Western province (34.3 percent) while the lowest availability is reported from Uva (11.8 percent),”
Meanwhile, what is more pronounced in the regional disparities is computer and digital literacy, albeit the overall percentage of computer literate population has been
on an uptrend.
Sri Lanka’s overall computer literacy in 2019 was 30.8 percent, an increase of 3.2 percentage points during the four years from 2016 to 2019.
“Urban sector shows the highest computer literacy rate (43.6 percent) among residential sectors. Computer literacy rate for rural and estate sectors are 29.0 percent and 12.6
Among the provinces the highest level of computer literacy is reported from Western province (44.1 percent).
The lowest computer literacy is reported from the Eastern province (15.7 percent),” the survey report stated.
Meanwhile, computer literacy among the males was higher at 32.9 percent than females who had a literacy rate of 28.9 percent in 2019.
The survey also observed an ascending rate of computer literacy level along with the level people’s education.
The group with A/L or above level of education showed the highest computer literacy rate of 72.6 percent while the computer literacy is higher at 71. 5
percent among those literate in English language.