Eid Ul Fitr is one of the important occasions for Muslims who mark the completion of the holy Ramzan month through which Muslims observe fasting. This festival is rejoiced by all Muslims as it is full of blessings of Allah and comes after observing fasting for a whole month.
Fasting is one of the five fundamental Principles of Islam besides Kalima expression of faith that there is no God but Allah, and Muhammed (blessing and peace be upon him from Allah) is the messenger of Allah, daily five times Salat and Pilgrimage to Makkah for Hajj once in our lifetime.
It was in the year Hijri 2 or 1432 years ago that fasting was made obligatory and Muslims have been commanded by Almighty Allah in the Holy Quran to fast: ! ” O ye who believe ! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint.
"The Holy Prophet (PBUH) had said “If my ‘Followers’ would realize what Ramazan really is, they would wish that the whole year round should be Ramazan."
The month of ‘Ramazan’ is the ninth month of Islamic calendar which is a blessed month because our holy Prophet Salallahu Alaihiwasalam has said ‘The month of Ramadan is the month of Allah which brings his blessings, mercy and forgiveness’. Fasting in this month is obligatory on all adults who are physically fit and in the possession of their faculties to fast.
Fasting enables us to make noble resolution for a better life according to the teachings of Islam and further to try a life of piety during this month and follow it during the rest of the year. It also affords the best opportunity for self-reforms in many ways so as to control one’s passions, vain thoughts, backbiting and refrain from all vices of evils which nullify the fasting.
If a Muslim adheres strictly to those conditions he or she can definitely move closer to Allah’s blessings and achieve the real significance of fasting. As far as spiritual aspects are concerned fasting is an act of gaining Allah’s pleasure and avoid His displeasures. Every moment or Ramazan fasting is full of spiritual delight and one has only to fall in with the spirit of the time to enjoy the spiritual joy during its day and nights. Fasting, like that other fundamental principles of Islam fasting is meant to take man from the lowest to the highest stage of life- a life of spiritual perfection complete submission to the commands of Almighty Allah.
On the medical side fasting plays a greater role to eliminate harmful fatty substances from the blood, relief from certain types of intestinal and stomach ailments. For those addicted to unhealthy habits such as smoking, over eating, snuffing etc., fasting is the best means to drop those unwanted habits. Fasting is also the annual physical over-haul of the body.
During the month of Ramazan Masjids plays an important role in conducting Thraveeh Salat, religious lectures, encouraging small children to recite Quran according to Thajweed. Trustees of the Masjids must make special arrangements to conduct deeni programmes beneficial to the society.
In today’s context
Today certain sections of our brothers and sisters are experiencing untold hardship deprived of the basic necessities of life, and the other section by fasting, becomes conscious as to how immoral and hurtful it is, for example, to be arranging grand weddings and extravagant parties while the less fortunate are starving and do not know how to get their next meal.
It is in this month that the paying of Zakat was recommended from the rich Muslims to his poor brethren to enable the less affluent Muslims to fast conveniently. The poor of the community have a claim to what others have been blessed with by Allah over and above their legitimate needs. The affluent Muslims are bound by Islamic Law (Sharia) to contribute a share by way of Zakat. If Zakat is properly channeled or distributed to the needy Muslims in a constructive way, their living standards could be ameliorated to great extent.
A part from fasting , this month is also auspicious because the Holy Quran was revealed on the ‘Night of Power’ one of those scared nights of Ramazan which is known as ‘Lailat Ul Qadr’. It is the night of great wonders. Peace, mercy, blessings and also a night of unification between the finite world of ours and the infinite universe of the unseen.
The reward for devotion during that night is better than the reward to be expected for devotion in one thousand months. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) had said “If my ‘Followers’ would realize what Ramazan really is, they would wish that the whole year round should be Ramazan.”
The saints and the faithful Muslims anxiously wait for the dawn of Ramazan fasting every year and finally end of 30 days fasting they repent profusely to Almighty Allah to shower his choices blessings and grant them their wishes in this world and hereafter.