Legend of Leica: A camera that invented photography as we know it

13 August 2016 12:00 am - 0     - {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}}

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Recreating the Leica camera experience Huawei P9 flagship smartphone is co-engineered with Leica  

 

Unless you’re a professional photographer or collector of rare and valuable cameras, the brand Leica may not be a name you’re familiar with, but it is responsible for photography as we know it and continue to evolve it today. Leica pioneered ‘snapshot’ photography, allowing the world to conveniently capture thousands of moments and emotions as they happen in high quality.


Leica started out in the business of inventing microscope lenses for scientific research, then known as Leitz after its founder, Ernst Leitz. By 1925 it had created the first widely used 35mm camera and a storming success, changing the face of photography forever - how?


In 1911 Leitz hired one Oscar Barnack who rose through the ranks to lead the research and development division. It is said that Barnack had a personal penchant for photography, but his acute asthma limited his hobby as he did not have the physical capacity to carry around the large plate camera and its glass plates.


Setting out to reduce the load, he experimented with trying to squeeze more than one image onto each glass plate. This didn’t work and was detrimental to the final image, as printing in those days meant that the quality of the image was determined by the size of the negative, so reducing the original image size resulted in poor quality in the end.


It just so happened that the company we now know as Leica was working on a project that involved improving movie projectors so that they wouldn’t flutter the 35mm celluloid roll film as it passed through and cause a bumpy viewing experience for the cinema audience. Barack started to experiment with this film, investigating how it could be brought to a handheld camera that was compact and advanced enough to handle it.
With the birth of the Leica camera and the devices it inspired, a new style of snapshot photography took off. Hundreds, thousands, millions of moments have since been documented on film as they happen, with the camera becoming an extension of the eye of the photographer wishing to capture the emotion they see before them; fear, pain, joy, misery, losing, winning etc.


The Leica was responsible for the ease at which photographers could capture images of people on the move - inspiring the street photography style still prevalent today. Noted photographers like Henri Cartier-Bresson, Elliott Erwitt, Robert Frank, Bruce Gilden, Bruce Davidson, IngeMorath, Martine Franck, Sebastião Salgado, Alex Webb, Joel Meyerowitz, Garry Winogrand, Mark Cohen and Ralph Gibson all used Leica cameras.
Just think of Alfred Eisenstaedt’s 1945 shot of the sailor kissing the woman in New York - that moment captured in time forever, was captured on a Leica. But nowhere was Leica’s innovation more revolutionary than within photojournalism. With the new 35mm Leica-style cameras, journalists could have their camera in their pocket at all times, easily accessible and allowing them to snap the action in the moment rather than something formal and set up; it allowed them to tell a story in a new way.


This in turn spawned a new style of journalism in itself, with the launch of magazines like the Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung (Berlin), Vu (France), Life (USA), Look (USA), Picture Post (London), and newspapers such as The Daily Mirror (London) and The New York Daily News, all putting the picture at the eye of the narrative in a way that had never been done before.The portrait of Che Guevara, Queen Elizabeth of England at the Paris Opera, Thomas Hoepker’s Muhammad Ali punch shot and most of the world’s most iconic photos were captured on Leicas - and those that weren’t were captured because of Leica.
It is rumoured The Queen of England uses a Leica.


With cameras, lenses, accessories and sales literature now part of photographic history, they have become collectibles among aficionados and antique hunters, with 
early models reaching an astounding price at auction and a rare 1923 Leica device selling for US$2.8 million.


Clearly we owe a lot to Leica, but you couldn’t be criticized for wondering where a brand like Leica fits within the digital age. Innovation was a fundamental part of Leica’s initial success and remains a key pillar of Leica’s brand values and business strategy today. Just this year, Leica and Huawei have set a new benchmark in smartphone camera technology with the dual-lens Huawei P9 – the first smartphone collaboration with Leica, and a sleek product line that seems destined to reinvent photography.

 

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